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Pot calling the dynasty black: Ajaz Ashraf

March 12, 2013

gandhi-family

AJAZ ASHRAF writes: It is time we examined the society we have created before we invoke the rather trite argument of dynastic rule to stridently criticise the Gandhis and the Congress. No doubt, dynasty is antithetical to democratic politics. Yet, it is also true that dynastic succession is the norm outside the Indian political realm as well. Its sheer pervasiveness explains why people dismiss outright the hypocritical media outcry against dynastic succession to routinely vote pater familias to power, in state as well at the Centre.

Among the media personalities, arguably the most vocal critics of dynastic succession – and the Gandhis – are two stalwarts who are guilty of what they rail against. One of them is considered the diadem of Indian journalism – he became an editor at a young age, launched a classy newspaper, joined the Congress briefly, returned to journalism and now heads a weekly newspaper in which his son is an associate editor. The other acquired from a generous industrialist, now deceased, a newspaper more than a century old. He is a member of parliament and his son is now the newspaper’s managing editor, presumably being groomed to take over from his father.

It is true the roles of political parties are remarkably different from those of newspapers. It is also possible the children of these two luminaries are prodigiously talented. It is conceivable their fathers, immune to the irresistible tug of paternal love, saw in them qualities they couldn’t in anyone who could step into their posts. Such arguments, though, echo precisely the ones the Congressmen mouth to justify the assigning of party leadership to Rahul Gandhi. He is astonishingly talented, even nonpareil, Congressmen declare earnestly.

In contrast to the Congress, the two illustrious editors run private operations and enjoy an unassailable right to choose who oversees them. Nevertheless, for many in the profession, it could well appear as examples of powerful fathers subverting the idea of meritocracy, given their inevitable role in the appointment of their children.

Might it not have been better for them to have designations which did not vouch for their journalistic excellence and which did not indicate to others that there is “space for eminence” in the two organisations, “but none for pre-eminence”? (The words in quotes belong to one of the two who used it to criticise the appointment of Rahul Gandhi as the vice-president of the Congress.) To what extent is the ethos of the two media organisations any different from the Congress whose members claim they are entitled to run their party as they desire? And to think the media isn’t just a profit-making enterprise but the watchdog of democracy!

Dynastic succession dominates the realm of religion as well. As you enter through the imposing gates of Delhi’s Jama Masjid, from the Chandni Chowk side, you will read written on a board, in a reverential tone, that the descendents of the Bukhari family have been the Imams of the historic mosque for 13 generations, beginning from 1656. Who’s to tell them that the idea of hereditary imam is in gross violation of Islam, which decrees his selection through consultation and consensus?

Similarly, innumerable hallowed temples of India have the tradition of hereditary priests, usually belonging to the Brahmin caste, presiding over them. In 2006, the Tamil Nadu government of M Karunanidhi issued an order abrogating the unwritten principle of hereditary, familial succession to priesthood, which was also opened to non-Brahmin castes. Obviously, the momentous nature of the order, irrespective of its eventual efficacy, was delightfully ironical, for Karunanidhi, too, acquiesced in to the dynastic principle in politics.

Or take the scions of illustrious business families. Irrespective of their abilities, children often inherit companies their fathers or grandfathers established and in which ordinary shareholders are today heavily invested. Think of a businessman, owning a substantial share in an Indian corporation, who voluntarily chose to overlook his or her children at the time of passing the baton. Are we not acquainted with the phenomenon of doctors boasting flourishing clinics paying massive donation fees to ensure their children, unable to qualify for admission to government medical colleges, acquire the mandatory MBBS degree to take over from them?

At least, unlike editor-owners, priests and businessmen, the great political families of India can claim that they have to at least periodically pass the electoral test to acquire power. It is an argument Bollywood too could cite to justify their dynasties. Though children from these families don’t have to struggle for a foothold in the Hindi film industry, the longevity of their career depends on their ability to satisfy the audience. Nevertheless, their presence in Bollywood, as is true of all dynasties in every field, concentrates power in a few, skews and stifles competition. This is true of even classical music, whose practitioners can narrate the debilitating impact ordinary children of extraordinary parents have had on the talented.

India’s propensity to spawn dynasties testifies to the persistence of our feudal mindset, still intact due to our unconscionable socio-economic inequalities and the inherited ethos of our caste system, consequently ensuring the raja-praja type of relationship thrives in different modern avatars. It is through the bridging of these inequalities that we can send dynasties packing, not through hurling blunted barbs at the Gandhis and others even though we are as guilty as they are.

(Ajaz Ashraf is a journalist in Delhi.)

5 Comments leave one →
  1. Madhavan Kutty Nandeilath permalink
    March 12, 2013 6:32 PM

    Well Said

  2. passerby permalink
    March 12, 2013 7:20 PM

    How about NGOs, academics and voluntary sector.

  3. Faraz Ahmad permalink
    March 12, 2013 8:25 PM

    And the BJP seems to be upset only with Nehru-Gandhi dynasty. Every BJP leader’s son and daughter or nephew niece is seeking and getting to enter Parliament or assembly simply on the strength of pedigree. Similarly in the profession. Sushma’s daughter is a lawyer and so are Jaitely daughter and son. There is still time we might soon see them entering Parliament. After we already have Piyush Goyal, Anurag Thakur, Adityanath, Vasundhara’s son, Maneka’s son and a whole lot of them, But really Chandan and Akbar the two most vocal critics of dynasty perpetuating their dyansties not even on their hard earned money, that is a bit much

  4. Sharmishtha permalink
    March 12, 2013 9:45 PM

    I’m going to stick my neck out and make a slightly different argument – is the dynastic element such a bad thing if done in moderation? After all, in many professions such as weaving, farming, pottery, etc., skills and knowledge are learned from parents and passed down to the next generation. Dynasties in and of themselves are not bad things, after all having someone with a memory of how things work is a good thing as is the accumulation and communication of knowledge. The dynastic element is only bad when it becomes a form of protectionism like a guild which no one can enter (except after a long and difficult apprenticeship). Perhaps the way to do this is to reverse engineer quotas – keep a small quota for those with family roots in the profession but always find new points of entry for talent and keep the ladder clear for those with ambitions, talent and the drive to succeed. Sort of the way that Bollywood has dynasties but there are always the Miss India and the Miss World pageants, the Indian Idols, etc., to send fresh faces and voices the movie and music industries’ way. For every Shahid Kapur and Kareena Kapoor there should be a Priyanka Chopra and an Aishwarya Rai. For every Mangeshkar sister there should be a Sunidhi Chauhan.

  5. March 12, 2013 10:07 PM

    Indians like so may other nations in the Asian continent are very family oriented. It is something that we pride upon ‘our cultural values’. Such attitude cuts across religion, race and language. The pride being – how Indian parents nurture their children putting ‘family before personal needs and children ‘respect and care for elders’, both euphemisms for women’s sacrifices.
    Now, talking about dynasties vis-a-vis professions, that is what the article is all about, let us consider the following:
    (1) In nature, status of females (Elephant herds in Mammals, which have some semblance to human social structures) is generally inherited by the female offspring of the Alpha female.This is because, the skill is handed over from one generation to another by the mother and naturally the offspring learns this skill by remaining close to the Alpha female who will generally lead the herd for pasturing etc.. Hence, dynasty is not artificial and is very much in line with selection and evolution.
    (2) In nature, the males ‘wrest’ power by challenging the Alpha male and proving their might.Hence examinations, elections are also part of natural form of selection and evolution.
    In humans, unfortunately, the crucial difference is that there is no concept of ‘weeding out’ if the next in line is not ‘fit’ to lead. In other words, even if the position is inherited, the offspring has to prove that there is capacity ‘ to lead the group successfully by experience gained and also capacity to adapt to changing external conditions’. The underlying factor is ‘performance’. Performance for the group’s survival. That is why some leaders are very successful. There is (or appears) to be total dedication to the profession and endeavour to excel and not sit back on ‘inherited’ goodwill or wealth.
    Bottom line – This appears to wither out by the third or fourth generation and inspire of this, the clique around the ‘inheritors’ do not allow the demise of the dynasty but continue to bolster and nourish it for their own selfish ends – be it the political arena,the board room or cultural fields. These ‘behind the scene players’ are not there in Nature’s way of evolution.We need to target them and not the dynasties.

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